Articles | Volume 7, issue 2
SOIL, 7, 547–561, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-7-547-2021
SOIL, 7, 547–561, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-7-547-2021

Original research article 26 Aug 2021

Original research article | 26 Aug 2021

Microbial activity responses to water stress in agricultural soils from simple and complex crop rotations

Jörg Schnecker et al.

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Cited articles

Allison, S. D. and Jastrow, J. D.: Activities of extracellular enzymes in physically isolated fractions of restored grassland soils, Soil Biol. Biochem., 38, 3245–3256, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.011, 2006. 
Allison, S. D. and Martiny, J. B. H.: Resistance, resilience, and redundancy in microbial communities, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 105, 11512–11519, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0801925105, 2008. 
Ashworth, A. J., Allen, F. L., DeBruyn, J. M., Owens, P. R., and Sams, C.: Crop Rotations and Poultry Litter Affect Dynamic Soil Chemical Properties and Soil Biota Long Term, J. Environ. Qual., 47, 1327–1338, https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2017.12.0465, 2018. 
Babin, D., Ding, G.-C., Pronk, G. J., Heister, K., Kögel-Knabner, I., and Smalla, K.: Metal oxides, clay minerals and charcoal determine the composition of microbial communities in matured artificial soils and their response to phenanthrene, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 86, 3–14, https://doi.org/10.1111/1574-6941.12058, 2013. 
Bailey, V. L., Smith, A. P., Tfaily, M., Fansler, S. J., and Bond-Lamberty, B.: Differences in soluble organic carbon chemistry in pore waters sampled from different pore size domains, Soil Biol. Biochem., 107, 133–143, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2016.11.025, 2017. 
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Short summary
Drought and flooding challenge agricultural systems and their management globally. Here we investigated the response of soils from long-term agricultural field sites with simple and diverse crop rotations to either drought or flooding. We found that irrespective of crop rotation complexity, soil and microbial properties were more resistant to flooding than to drought and highly resilient to drought and flooding during single or repeated stress pulses.