Articles | Volume 3, issue 2
Original research article
23 May 2017
Original research article |  | 23 May 2017

Nitrate retention capacity of milldam-impacted legacy sediments and relict A horizon soils

Julie N. Weitzman and Jason P. Kaye

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Cited articles

Baker, M. A., Valett, H. M., and Dahm, C. N.: Organic carbon supply and metabolism in a shallow groundwater ecosystem, Ecology, 81, 3133–3148,[3133:OCSAMI]2.0.CO;2, 2000.
Banks, W. S. L., Gellis, A. C., and Noe, G.: Sources of fine-grained suspended sediment in Mill Stream Branch Watershed, Corsica River Basin, a tributary to the Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, 2009, in: Proceedings, 2nd Joint Federal Interagency Conference, Las Vegas, NV, 27 June–1 July 2010, CD-ROM ISBN 978-0-0779007-3-2, 6B, 12 pp., 2010.
Bishop, P. and Muñoz-Salinas, E.: Tectonics, geomorphology and water mill location in Scotland, and the potential impacts of mill dam failure, Appl. Geogr., 42, 195–205,, 2013.
Bradley, R. L.: An alternative explanation for the post-disturbance NO3 flush in some forest ecosystems, Ecol. Lett., 4, 412–416,, 2001.
Bremner, J. M. and Kenney, D. R.: Determination and isotope-ratio analysis of different forms of nitrogen in soils: 3. Exchangeable ammonium, nitrate, and nitrite by extraction-distillation methods, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 30, 577–582,, 1966.
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Prior research found nitrate losses in mid-Atlantic streams following drought but no mechanistic explanation. We aim to understand how legacy sediments influence soil–stream nitrate transfer. We found that surface legacy sediments do not retain excess nitrate inputs well; once exposed, previously buried soils experience the largest drought-induced nitrate losses; and, restoration that reconnects stream and floodplain via legacy sediment removal may initially cause high losses of nitrate.