Articles | Volume 4, issue 3
Original research article
13 Sep 2018
Original research article |  | 13 Sep 2018

Continental soil drivers of ammonium and nitrate in Australia

Juhwan Lee, Gina M. Garland, and Raphael A. Viscarra Rossel

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Cited articles

Andrews, M., Raven, J. A., and Lea, P. J.: Do plants need nitrate? The mechanisms by which nitrogen form affects plants, Ann. Appl. Biol., 163, 174–199, 2013. a
Angus, J. F. and Grace, P. R.: Nitrogen balance in Australia and nitrogen use efficiency on Australian farms, Soil Res., 55, 435–450, 2017. a
Bissett, A., Fitzgerald, A., Meintjes, T., Mele, P. M., Reith, F., Dennis, P. G., Breed, M. F., Brown, B., Brown, M. V., Brugger, J., Byrne, M., Caddy-Retalic, S., Carmody, B., Coates, D. J., Correa, C., Ferrari, B. C., Gupta, V. V. S. R., Hamonts, K., Haslem, A., Hugenholtz, P., Karan, M., Koval, J., Lowe, A. J., Macdonald, S., McGrath, L., Martin, D., Morgan, M., North, K. I., Paungfoo-Lonhienne, C., Pendall, E., Phillips, L., Pirzl, R., Powell, J. R., Ragan, M. A., Schmidt, S., Seymour, N., Snape, I., Stephen, J. R., Stevens, M., Tinning, M., Williams, K., Yeoh, Y. K., Zammit, C. M., and Young, A.: Introducing BASE: the Biomes of Australian Soil Environments soil microbial diversity database, Gigascience, 5, 21,, 2016. a, b
Booth, M. S., Stark, J. M., and Rastetter, E.: Controls on nitrogen cycling in terrestrial ecosystems: A synthetic analysis of literature data, Ecol. Monogr., 75, 139–157, 2005. a, b, c
Bui, E. N. and Henderson, B. L.: C : N : P stoichiometry in Australian soils with respect to vegetation and environmental factors, Plant Soil, 373, 553–568, 2013. a, b

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Short summary
Soil nitrogen (N) is an essential element for plant growth, but its plant-available forms are subject to loss from the environment by leaching and gaseous emissions. Still, factors controlling soil mineral N concentrations at large spatial scales are not well understood. We determined and discussed primary soil controls over the concentrations of NH4+ and NO3 at the continental scale of Australia while considering specific dominant land use patterns on a regional basis.