Articles | Volume 8, issue 1
Review article
28 Feb 2022
Review article |  | 28 Feb 2022

The effect of natural infrastructure on water erosion mitigation in the Andes

Veerle Vanacker, Armando Molina, Miluska A. Rosas, Vivien Bonnesoeur, Francisco Román-Dañobeytia, Boris F. Ochoa-Tocachi, and Wouter Buytaert

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Constraining the aggradation mode of Pleistocene river deposits based on cosmogenic radionuclide depth profiling and numerical modelling
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Soil-vegetation-water interactions controlling solute flow and transport in volcanic ash soils of the high Andes
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Evaluating the effects of soil erosion and productivity decline on soil carbon dynamics using a model-based approach
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Potential effect of wetting agents added to agricultural sprays on the stability of soil aggregates
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Cited articles

Aguilar, G., Cabré, A., Fredes, V., and Villela, B.: Erosion after an extreme storm event in an arid fluvial system of the southern Atacama Desert: an assessment of the magnitude, return time, and conditioning factors of erosion and debris flow generation, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 1247–1265,, 2020. 
Balthazar, V., Vanacker, V., Molina, A., and Lambin, E. F.: Impacts of forest cover change on ecosystem services in high Andean mountains, Ecol. Indic., 48, 63–75,, 2015. 
Bathurst, J. C., Iroumé, A., Cisneros, F., Fallas, J., Iturraspe, R., Gaviño Novillo, M., Urciuolo, A., de Bievre, B., Guerrero Borges, V., Coello, C., Cisneros, P., Gayoso, J., Miranda, M., and Ramirez, M.: Forest Impact on Floods Due to Extreme Rainfall and Snowmelt in Four Latin American Environments 1: Field Data Analysis, J. Hydrol., 400, 281–291,, 2011. 
Bathurst, J. C., Fahey, B., Iroumé, A., and Jones, J.: Forests and Floods: Using Field Evidence to Reconcile Analysis Methods, Hydrol. Process., 34, 3295–3310,, 2020. 
Bilsborrow, R. E.: Population Growth, Internal Migration, and Environmental Degradation in Rural Areas of Developing Countries, Eur. J. Popul., 8, 125–148,, 1992. 
Short summary
The Andes region is prone to natural hazards due to its steep topography and climatic variability. Anthropogenic activities further exacerbate environmental hazards and risks. This systematic review synthesizes the knowledge on the effectiveness of nature-based solutions. Conservation of natural vegetation and implementation of soil and water conservation measures had significant and positive effects on soil erosion mitigation and topsoil organic carbon concentrations.