Articles | Volume 6, issue 2
Review article
08 Jul 2020
Review article |  | 08 Jul 2020

What do we know about how the terrestrial multicellular soil fauna reacts to microplastic?

Frederick Büks, Nicolette Loes van Schaik, and Martin Kaupenjohann

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Cited articles

Allasino, M. L., Marrero, H. J., Dorado, J., and Torretta, J. P.: Scientific note: first global report of a bee nest built only with plastic, Apidologie, 50, 230–233,, 2019. 
Andrady, A. L.: The plastic in microplastics: a review, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 119, 12–22,, 2017. 
Angotti, M. A., Rabello, A., Santiago, G., and Ribas, C.: Seed removal by ants in Brazilian savanna: optimizing fieldwork, Sociobiology, 65, 155–161,, 2018. 
Avery, S. V., Harwood, J. L., and Lloyd, D.: Quantification and Characterization of Phagocytosis in the Soil Amoeba Acanthamoeba castellanii by Flow Cytometry, Appl. Environ. Microb., 61, 1124–1132, 1995. 
Baer, A., Langdon, C., Mills, S., Schulz, C., and Hamre, K.: Particle size preference, gut filling and evacuation rates of the rotifer Brachionus “Cayman” using polystyrene latex beads, Aquaculture, 282, 75–82,, 2008. 
Short summary
Via anthropogenic input, microplastics (MPs) today represent a part of the soil organic matter. We analyzed studies on passive translocation, active ingestion, bioaccumulation and adverse effects of MPs on multicellular soil faunal life. These studies on a wide range of soil organisms found a recurring pattern of adverse effects on motility, growth, metabolism, reproduction, mortality and gut microbiome. However, the shape and type of the experimental MP often did not match natural conditions.