Articles | Volume 5, issue 1
SOIL, 5, 63–77, 2019

Special issue: Quantifying weathering rates for sustainable forestry (BG/SOIL...

SOIL, 5, 63–77, 2019
Original research article
05 Feb 2019
Original research article | 05 Feb 2019

Assessing the impact of acid rain and forest harvest intensity with the HD-MINTEQ model – soil chemistry of three Swedish conifer sites from 1880 to 2080

Eric McGivney et al.

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Cited articles

Akselsson, C., Westling, O., Sverdrup, H., Holmqvist, J., Thelin, G., Uggla, E., and Malm, G.: Impact of harvest intensity on long-term base cation budgets in Swedish forest soils, Water Air Soil Pollut. Focus, 7, 201–210,, 2007. 
Belyazid, S. and Moldan, F.: Using ForSAFE-Veg to investigate the feasibility and requirements of setting critical loads for N based on vegetation change – pilot study at Gårdsjön. IVL report B1875, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2009. 
Belyazid, S., Westling, O., and Sverdrup, H.: Modelling changes in forest soil chemistry at 16 Swedish coniferous forest sites following deposition reduction, Environ. Pollut., 144, 596–609,, 2006. 
Bertills, U., Fölster, J., and Lager, H.: Natural acidification only – report on in-depth evaluation of the environmental quality objective work, Report 5766, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Stockholm, Sweden, 2007. 
Casetou-Gustafson, S., Hillier, S., Akselsson, C., Simonsson, M., Stendahl, J., and Olsson, B. A.: Comparison of measured (XRPD) and modeled (A2M) soil mineralogies: a study of some Swedish forest soils in the context of weathering rate predictions, Geoderma, 310, 77–88,, 2018. 
Short summary
Forest management may lead to long-term soil acidification due to the removal of base cations during harvest. By means of the HD-MINTEQ model, we compared the acidification effects of harvesting with the effects of historical acid rain at three forested sites in Sweden. The effects of harvesting on pH were predicted to be much smaller than those resulting from acid deposition during the 20th century. There were only very small changes in predicted weathering rates due to acid rain or harvest.