Articles | Volume 1, issue 2
Short communication
28 Jul 2015
Short communication |  | 28 Jul 2015

14C in cropland soil of a long-term field trial – experimental variability and implications for estimating carbon turnover

J. Leifeld and J. Mayer

Related authors

Identification of thermal signature and quantification of charcoal in soil using differential scanning calorimetry and benzene polycarboxylic acid (BPCA) markers
Brieuc Hardy, Nils Borchard, and Jens Leifeld
SOIL, 8, 451–466,,, 2022
Short summary
Switch of fungal to bacterial degradation in natural, drained and rewetted oligotrophic peatlands reflected in δ15N and fatty acid composition
Miriam Groß-Schmölders, Pascal von Sengbusch, Jan Paul Krüger, Kristy Klein, Axel Birkholz, Jens Leifeld, and Christine Alewell
SOIL, 6, 299–313,,, 2020
Short summary
Peat decomposability in managed organic soils in relation to land use, organic matter composition and temperature
Cédric Bader, Moritz Müller, Rainer Schulin, and Jens Leifeld
Biogeosciences, 15, 703–719,,, 2018
Short summary
Parametrization consequences of constraining soil organic matter models by total carbon and radiocarbon using long-term field data
Lorenzo Menichetti, Thomas Kätterer, and Jens Leifeld
Biogeosciences, 13, 3003–3019,,, 2016
Short summary
Effect of biochar and liming on soil nitrous oxide emissions from a temperate maize cropping system
R. Hüppi, R. Felber, A. Neftel, J. Six, and J. Leifeld
SOIL, 1, 707–717,,, 2015
Short summary

Related subject area

Soils and biogeochemical cycling
Land inclination controls CO2 and N2O fluxes, but not CH4 uptake, in a temperate upland forest soil
Lauren M. Gillespie, Nathalie Y. Triches, Diego Abalos, Peter Finke, Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern, Stephan Glatzel, and Eugenio Díaz-Pinés
SOIL, 9, 517–531,,, 2023
Short summary
Tropical Andosol organic carbon quality and degradability in relation to soil geochemistry as affected by land use
Sastrika Anindita, Peter Finke, and Steven Sleutel
SOIL, 9, 443–459,,, 2023
Short summary
Soil organic carbon stocks did not change after 130 years of afforestation on a former Swiss Alpine pasture
Tatjana Carina Speckert, Jeannine Suremann, Konstantin Gavazov, Maria Joao Santos, Frank Hagedorn, and Guido Lars Bruno Wiesenberg
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary
Elemental stoichiometry and Rock-Eval® thermal stability of organic matter in French topsoils
Amicie A. Delahaie, Pierre Barré, François Baudin, Dominique Arrouays, Antonio Bispo, Line Boulonne, Claire Chenu, Claudy Jolivet, Manuel P. Martin, Céline Ratié, Nicolas P. A. Saby, Florence Savignac, and Lauric Cécillon
SOIL, 9, 209–229,,, 2023
Short summary
Oil-palm management alters the spatial distribution of amorphous silica and mobile silicon in topsoils
Britta Greenshields, Barbara von der Lühe, Harold J. Hughes, Christian Stiegler, Suria Tarigan, Aiyen Tjoa, and Daniela Sauer
SOIL, 9, 169–188,,, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Baisden, W. T., Parfitt, R., Ross, C., Schipper, L., and Canessa, S.: Evaluating 50 years of time-series soil radiocarbon data: Towards routine calculation of robust c residence times, Biogeochemistry, 112, 129–137, 2013.
Balesdent, J., Wagner, G. H., and Mariotti, A.: Soil organic matter turnover in long-term field experiments as revealed by C-13 natural abundance, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 52, 118–124, 1988.
Bol, R., Eriksen, J., Smith, P., Garnett, M. H., Coleman, K., and Christensen, B. T.: The natural abundance of C-13, N-15, S-34 and C-14 in archived (1923–2000) plant and soil samples from the askov long-term experiments on animal manure and mineral fertilizer, Rapid Comm. Mass Spectro., 19, 3216–3226, 2005.
Budge, K., Leifeld, J., Hiltbrunner, E., and Fuhrer, J.: Alpine grassland soils contain large proportion of labile carbon but indicate long turnover times, Biogeosciences, 8, 1911–1923,, 2011.
Ellert, B. H. and Janzen, H. H.: Long-term biogeochemical cycling in agroecosystems inferred from 13C, 14C and 15N, J. Geochem. Exp., 88, 198–201, 2006.
Short summary
We present 14C data for field replicates of a controlled agricultural long-term experiment. We show that 14C variability is, on average, 12 times that of the analytical precision of the 14C measurement. Experimental 14C variability is related to neither management nor soil depth. Application of a simple carbon turnover model reveals that experimental variability of radiocarbon results in higher absolute uncertainties of estimated carbon turnover time for deeper soil layers.