Articles | Volume 5, issue 2
SOIL, 5, 223–238, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-5-223-2019
SOIL, 5, 223–238, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-5-223-2019
Original research article
06 Aug 2019
Original research article | 06 Aug 2019

Evaluating the carbon sequestration potential of volcanic soils in southern Iceland after birch afforestation

Matthias Hunziker et al.

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Cited articles

Aalde, H., Gonzalez, P., Gytarsky, M., Krug, T., Kurz, W. A., Ogle, S., Raison, J., Schoene, D., Ravandranath, N. H., Eggleston, H. S., Buendia, L., Miwa, K., Ngara, T., and Tanabe, K.: Forest Land, in: IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Volume 4 Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use, IGES, Hayama, Kanagawa, Japan, 1–83, 2006. 
Ágústsdóttir, A. M.: Revegetation of eroded land and possibilities of carbon sequestration in Iceland, Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosys., 70, 241–247, 2004. 
Aradóttir, Á., Svavarsdóttir, K., Jonsson, T. H., and Gudbergsson, G.: Carbon accumulation in vegetation and soils by reclamation of degraded areas, Iceland Agr. Sci. 13, 99–113, 2000. 
Aradóttir, Á. L.: Population biology and stand development of birch (Betula pubescens Ehrh.) on disturbed sites in Iceland, PhD Dissertation, Texas A&M University, Texas, 1991. 
Aradóttir, Á. L.: Restoration of birch and willow woodland on eroded areas, in: Effects of Afforestation on Ecosystems, edited by: Halldorsson, G., Oddsdottir, E. S., and Eggertsson, O., Landscape and Rural Development, 67–74, TemaNord 2207:508 (c) Nordic Council of Ministers Copenhagen, 2007. 
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Short summary
Afforestation on severely degraded volcanic soils/landscapes is an important process concerning ecological restoration in Iceland. These landscapes have a high potential to act as carbon sinks. We tested the soil (0–30 cm) of different stages of afforested (mountain birch) landscapes and analysed the quantity and quality of the soil organic carbon. There is an increase in the total SOC stock during the encroachment. The increase is mostly because of POM SOC. Such soils demand SOC quality tests.