Articles | Volume 5, issue 2
SOIL, 5, 253–263, 2019
SOIL, 5, 253–263, 2019

Original research article 03 Sep 2019

Original research article | 03 Sep 2019

Arable soil formation and erosion: a hillslope-based cosmogenic nuclide study in the United Kingdom

Daniel L. Evans et al.

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Cited articles

Ackerer, J., Chabaux, F., Van der Woerd, J., Viville, D., Pelt, E., Kali, E., Lerouge, C., Ackerer, P., di Chiara Roupert, R., and Négrel, P.: Regolith evolution on the millennial timescale from combined U-Th-Ra isotopes and in situ cosmogenic 10Be analysis in a weathering profile (Strengbach catchment, France), Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 453, 33–43, 2016. 
Ahnert, F.: The role of the equilibrium concept in the interpretation of landforms of fluvial erosion and deposition, in: L'evolution des versants, edited by: Macar, P., Universite de Liege, Liege, pp. 23–41, 1967. 
Alexander, E. B.: Rates of Soil Formation: Implications for Soil-Loss Tolerance, Soil Sci., 145, 37–45, 1988. 
Ambrose, K., Hough, E., and Smith, N. J. P.: Lithostratigraphy of the Sherwood Sandstone Group of England, Wales and south-west Scotland, available at: (last access: 30 September 2018), 2014. 
Amundson, R., Berhe, A. A., Hopmans, J. W., Olson, C., Sztein, A. E., and Sparks, D. L.: Soil and human security in the 21st century, Science, 348, 1261071,, 2015. 
Short summary
Policy to conserve thinning arable soils relies on a balance between the rates of soil erosion and soil formation. Our knowledge of the latter is meagre. Here, we present soil formation rates for an arable hillslope, the first of their kind globally, and a woodland hillslope, the first of their kind in Europe. Rates range between 26 and 96 mm kyr−1. On the arable site, erosion rates are 2 orders of magnitude greater, and in a worst-case scenario, bedrock exposure could occur in 212 years.