Articles | Volume 5, issue 2
SOIL, 5, 253–263, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-5-253-2019
SOIL, 5, 253–263, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-5-253-2019
Original research article
03 Sep 2019
Original research article | 03 Sep 2019

Arable soil formation and erosion: a hillslope-based cosmogenic nuclide study in the United Kingdom

Daniel L. Evans et al.

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Short summary
Policy to conserve thinning arable soils relies on a balance between the rates of soil erosion and soil formation. Our knowledge of the latter is meagre. Here, we present soil formation rates for an arable hillslope, the first of their kind globally, and a woodland hillslope, the first of their kind in Europe. Rates range between 26 and 96 mm kyr−1. On the arable site, erosion rates are 2 orders of magnitude greater, and in a worst-case scenario, bedrock exposure could occur in 212 years.